Many teachers use Bloom's Taxonomy and Bloom's Revised Taxonomy in developing and structuring their teaching & learning experiences. Bloom's Digital taxonomy is an attempt to marry Bloom's revised taxonomy and the key verbs to digital approaches and tools. This is not a replacements to the verbs in the revised taxonomy, rather it suppliments and supports these by including recent developments, processes and tools. This page looks at some specific examples of tools and match them to Bloom's Digital Taxonomy
Many of these tools that are FOSS (Free or Open Source Software). These are in italics. Some tools are marked with abbreviations as they cover a variety of tools.
Main page Traditional and Digital approaches

So what is Blooms Taxonomy?

Benjamin Bloom developed, in the 1956 while working at the University of Chicago, developed his theory on Educational Objectives. He proposed 3 domains or areas:
  • Cognitive - person's ability to process and utilize information (thinking), this is what Bloom's Digital Taxonomy is based on
  • Affective - This is the role of feeling and attitudes in the learning/education process
  • Psychomotor - This is manipulative or physical skills
Bloom's Taxonomy is a taxonomy of activities and behaviours that exemplify Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) and Lower Order Thinking Skills (LOTS). Bloom's allows use to rank and structure different classroom activities and plan the learning process. In the 2001, Lorin Anderson and other revised Bloom's original work to give use Bloom's Revised Taxonomy.
Bloom's and Revised Bloom's give us a learning process.
  • Before you can understand a concept or fact you must remember it,
  • To apply a concept you must understand it first,
  • To evaluate a process you must have analysed it etc.Each layer builds on the previous The creative process naturally incorporates these elements. If you look at the constructionist principles that Gary Stager applies using lego to problem solve all of the elements of Bloom's are present in the process of creating a "lego" solution to a problem. You must remember (even if you are learning as you go), understand and apply these principles and concepts, analyse and evaluate the success of your design, the process and concept.
However, we don't need to start at lower order skills and then build piecemeal throught the taxonomy towards higher order thinking like creativity. By providing a suitably scaffolded task, the lower order skills of remembering and understanding become inherent in the learning process. By challenging our students to be analytical, evaluative or creative, they will within these processes develop understanding.

Bloom's Original taxonomy

Bloom's revised taxonomy




HOTS is an abbreviation for Higher Order Thinking Skills and LOTS for Lower Order Thinking Skills.

Bloom's Digital Taxonomy
This diagram details Bloom's Revised Taxonomy with some of the original verbs.
This is a diagram of Bloom's revised Taxonomy showing the flow and process of learning. - A Churches

ICT Tools Key and examples

ICT Tool Category
Possible Tools
WP - Word Processing
MS Word, Staroffice writer, pages MS Works, Open Office, Abiword, Google documents, AJAXWrite, Notepad, Zoho Documents, Wordpad, Adobe Buzzword
Presentation Tools
Staroffice and open office Impress, Keynote, Microsoft Powerpoint, Google presentation, Zoho presentation, C-Map presentation builder, Mind mapper in presentation mode, Mind Manager - presentation Mode, Voicethread, Slideshare
DTP - Desktop Publishing
MS Publisher, Serif page Plus, Pages, Adobe Pagemaker, //Scribus//, Quark Express, Adobe Indesign
GIS - Geographical Information systems
Arc Explorer, Arcview, Google Earth, Google maps Microsoft Live Maps, Gap-Minder
IM - Instant Messaging
IRC, IRQ, yahoo messenger, MSN messenger, First Class IM, Moodle IM, Twitter, texting and SMS
Audio tools
Sound recorder, Audacity, readplease 2003, Garage band, adobe acrobat reader - read out loud Online tools [See web2.0] Elluminate
Video Tools
Movie maker, iMovie, Pinnacle studio, Pinnacle Videospin, Final Cut, Adobe premier (and premier elements) photostory 3, Online tools [See web2.0],,,, www,
Mind mapping tools
See Bloom's, Learning styles & thing organisers
Inspiration, kidspiration, Mind Manager, Smart ideas, Cmap, Mindmapper, freemind
Online tools[[|]]
Graphics tools
Corel Draw suite, Adobe Photoshop, MS Paint,, the GIMP, Tuxpaint Gimp Shop, Inkscape, Adobe Illustrator
Online tools
Project Tools
MS project, Ganttproject openproj
Modelling tools
Google Sketchup, MayaPLE, Blender, Autocad
Timeline tools
Preceden - xTimeline - interactive timeline - read write think
Data processing &
Spreadsheet Tools
MS Excel, Open Office Calc, Star Office Calc, Numbers, Google Spreadsheet (part of Google Docs), Zoho Spreadsheet (part of Zoho Office)

Bloom's revised taxonomy and Digital Approaches

Taxonomy Element

Higher order to lower order thinking

Keywords & Actions

Items in italics are part of Blooms' digital taxonomy

Digital Approaches

Key: WP word processing, DTP desktop Publishing, GIS Geographic Information Systems

Higher Order Thinking


Generating/creating new ideas, products, or ways of viewing things (Putting together/combining ideas, concepts or elements to develop/construct/build an original idea or engage/stimulate in creative thinking).
Rubrics At create level -

Designing Constructing Planning Producing Inventing Devising Making Building programming, filming, animating, Blogging, Video blogging, mixing, remixing, wiki-ing, publishing, videocasting, podcasting, directing/producing
Film (Movie maker, Pinnacle Studio, Adobe premier elements Online tools [See web2.0],,,, www,

Presentation (Powerpoint, Impress, Zoho presentation tool, Photostory, Google present Voicethread, Slideshare, Empressr)
Digita Story Telling (WP, DTP, Presentation, podcasting, photostory, voicethread)
Project Management (WP, Ganttproject for Gantt charts and PERT Charts, Openproj for gantt, Pert and critical pathways) calendars, flow charts [inspiration, freemind, C-Map , smartideas], mind maps)
Blogging & video blogging (Creating original content in a blogging environment) - Blogging tool, blogger, wordpress, classroom blogmiester, bloglines
Vodcast, podcast videocasting screen casting - voice thread, blogging tool, skype
Plan (Inspiration, Cmap, free mind, WP, Calendar)
New game (Gamemaker, RPGmaker)
Model (Sketchup, Blender, Maya3d PLE, autocad)
Song (finale notepad, WP, Sound recorder, Audacity, podcasting, recording narration in presentations [photostory 3, powerpoint, impress] Online tools [See web2.0] )
Media product (DTP, Movie maker, Corel, GIMP,, Tuxpaint, Alice, Flash, Podcasting - Online tools [See web2.0] )
Advertisement (DTP, Corel, GIMP, Gimpshop, inkscape, Tuxpaint, Movie maker, Alice, Flash, Podcasting)
Painting (Corel, Paint, GIMP, Gimpshop, inkscape,, Tuxpaint online tools -


Justifying a decision, solution, answer or course of action (Judge/evaluate/analyse the value of ideas, concepts, materials and methods by developing/constructing and applying standards and criteria).
Rubrics at Evaluating level -

Checking Hypothesising Critiquing Experimenting Judging Testing Detecting Monitoring (Blog/vlog) commenting, reviewing, posting, moderating, collaborating, networking, reflecting, (Alpha & beta) testing.
Debate (WP, sound recorder, podcasting, inspiration, free mind, Chatrooms, IM, email, Discussion boards, video and Phone conferencing [skype, IM])
Panel (WP, chatrooms, IM, email, Discussion boards, Video and phone conferencing)
Report (WP, DTP, Presentation, Camera)
Evaluation (WP, DTP, Mind Map Presentation, camera, GIS[Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr Arcview/explorer])
Investigation (Internet, Online tools, camera, WP, GIS[Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr Arcview/explorer])
Verdict (WP etc)
Conclusion (WP, DTP, Presentation)
Persuasive speech (WP, Sound recorder, reasonable -argument software, Mind map - presentation mode)
Commenting, moderating reviewing posting - discussion boards, forums, blog, wiki's, twitter, threaded discussions, bulletin boards, chatrooms
Collaborating: discussion boards, forums, blog, wiki's, twitter, threaded discussions, bulletin boards, chatrooms, video conferencing, chatrooms, instant messaging, txt and pxt messaging, video messaging audio conferencing
Networking - social networking tools, audio and video conferencing, email threads, telecommunications, instant messaging etc


Breaking information into parts/components to explore/develop/construct understandings and relationships (Breaking information down into its component elements).
Rubrics at Analysing level -

Comparing Organising Deconstructing Attributing Outlining Structuring Integrating, Mashing, linking, reverse-engineering, cracking, mind-mapping, validating
Survey (Web, WP, Spreadsheet, surveymonkey email, discussion boards)
Database (relational; databases using MySQL and Access,Flatfile database using Spreadsheet, wikis, GIS [Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr, Arcview/explorer])
Abstract (WP)
Relationship maps - Herring or fish bone mind maps, SWOT Analysis, PMI, Venn, 6 Questions [See Bloom's, Learning styles & thinking organisers] ( Inspiration, kidspiration, smart ideas, Cmap, Mindmapper, freemind Online tools -
Report (WP, DTP, spreadsheet, presentation, web, GIS [Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr Arcview/explorer])
Graph (Spreadsheet, digitizer)
Spreadsheet (Calc, excel)
Checklist (WP, Spreadsheet)
Mashing - intel mash up
Chart (Spreadsheet, digitizer, mind mapping tools online tools -


Using information, concepts and ideas in another familiar situation (Using strategies, concepts, principles and theories in new situations).
Rubrics at Applying level -

Implementing Carrying out Using Executing Doing, running, loading, playing, operating, hacking, uploading, sharing, editing, Wiki editing
Illustration (Corel, inkscape, GIMP, Paint)
Simulation (Floor map, graphic tools, google sketchup)
Sculpture Demonstration (Presentation, graphics, screen capture)
Presentation - impress, powerpoint, google presentation, Zoho presentation, online presentation tools
Interview (WP, mind mapper,podcast, vodcast, audacity, sound recorder, voicethread, Elluminate)
Performance (Podcast, vodcast, film, audio recording, speech, Powerpoint Show)
editing - video and sound tools
playing - mmorpg's online games, simulations like Global conflicts palenstine


Explaining/defining ideas or concepts (Understanding of given information).
Rubrics at Understanding level -
File Not Found
File Not Found

Interpreting Exemplifying Summarising Inferring Paraphrasing Classifying Comparing Explaining, Advanced searches, boolean searches, blog journalling, twittering, categorising and tagging, commenting, annotating, subscribing
Recitation (WP, Mind map, flashcards, presentation tools)
Summary (WP, Mind map, internet, wiki)
Collection (WP, Mind map, internet)
Explanation (WP, Mind map, internet)
Show and tell (WP, presentation, graphics, audio tools - audacity sound recorder, video tools, Mind map)
Example (WP, Mind map, internet, DTP)
List (WP, Mind map)
Label (WP, Mind map, Graphics, online tools - ajaxdraw)
Outline (WP, Mind map)
Advanced and boolean searches - advanced search features - google etc
Blog journalling - bloglines, blogger etc
Diary/Journal (blogging, Myspaces, bebo, facebook, bloglines, blogger)
Categorising and tagging - etc
tagging, comments annotating - -noticeboards, discussion boards, treaded discussions, adobe acrobat reader, blog readers, firefox, zotero
Subscribing - aggregators - bloglines, firefox extensions
Timeline - Online time line tools, WP, Spreadsheet, Mindmapping & flowchart tools


Recalling specific information (Recall or recognition of specific information).
Rubrics at Remembering level -

Recognising Listing Describing Identifying Retrieving Naming Locating/Finding, Bullet pointing, highlighting, bookmarking, social networking, Social bookmarking, favouriting/local bookmarking, Searching, googling,
Quiz/Test (Online tools, WP, Cue sheets)
Flashcards (Moodle, Hot potatoes, scorm objects)
Definition (WP, simple Mind maps, wiki)
Fact (WP, Mind map, internet, discussion boards, email) Worksheet/book (WP, Mind map, Web)
Label (WP, graphics tools)
List (WP, Mind map, Web publishing)
Reproduction (WP, internet, graphics tools, Chatrooms, email, discussion boards)
Bookmarking internet browsers, web 2.0 tools
Social Networking - facebook, myspaces, bebo
Basic Searches - search engines google



Web 2.0 Tutorials

Without a doubt one of the best resources on the web for web2.0 Technologies is the commoncraft show. Lee LeFever's productions are clear, simple and to the point; most of all they are "In Plain English". Here are the links:
external image commoncraft_logo.gif