Introduction

Solo Taxonomy has been sitting on my to do list for a while. Dean Groomduring his presentation at MICDS reminded me and I took a little time to have a play with it.

Background

SOLO stands for Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes. It was developed in 1982 by John B. Biggs and Kelvin Collis. It is essentially a hierarchy which has 5 stages or levels that attempts to assess the students learning based on the quality of their work. Like Bloom’s taxonomy it looks and structures many of the key verbs used in assessment into different levels.
external image solo_taxonomy.jpg
Source: http://www.johnbiggs.com.au/solo_graph.html

Prestructural – Lower Order

Students acquires unconnected information. The information is not organised amd makes no sense
prestructural
prestructural

UniStructural

Simple connections are created between ideas. Connections are obvious – Keywords: Identify, Name

unistructural
unistructural
MultiStructural

More connections are being created, but lacks the meta-connections between them. Keywords: combine, describe, list, order

multistructural
multistructural
Relational

Student sees the significance of the various pieces of information and can develop relationships between them. Keywords: Analyse, apply, argue, debate, compare, contrast, check, judge, critique, explain, moderate, relate, integrate, justify
Relational
Relational

Extended Abstract

Can make connections beyond the problem, Can generalise and apply to new situation, Can transfer learning and make links between subject areas. Keyword: Reflect, evaluate, create, hypothesis, design, invent, conceptualise, theorise, project, abstract
Abstract
Abstract

We want to have our students working at the highest levels of extended abstract. Where they can make relationships that stretch be beyond the bounds of the discipline or subject area and can be applied in a variety of situations.
FLOW
FLOW

Solo Taxonomy shares similarities with the Modified Daggett’s Application Model, where the higher levels of learning are achieved when learning is applied in real world unpredictable situations, rather than just applying it to studies within a single unit of learning.
external image Activity-Mapping-Tool-A3-715x1024.jpg
Reference
http://www.johnbiggs.com.au/solo_taxonomy.html
http://www.slideshare.net/jocelynam/solo-taxonomy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_B._Biggs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOLO_Taxonomy
http://edorigami.edublogs.org/2010/02/13/activity-mapping/
http://hooked-on-thinking.com/